Get In Touch Checkmark Icon
shingle on lawn

How to Repair Missing Shingles (5 Steps)

Posted By: Matt Watson

Missing shingles can pose a significant risk to the structural integrity and safety of your home. But how do you spot them and how worried should you be?

This blog is designed to help homeowners understand:

We will also explore the costs involved in repairs and discuss effective preventative measures to maintain the health of your roof.

What Causes Missing Shingles?

Roofs are constantly exposed to environmental stresses that can lead to wear and damage. Here are the primary causes of missing shingles:

  • Weather Conditions: Extreme weather is the most common cause of shingle loss. High winds can lift shingles from the roof, and hail can break or displace them. Additionally, heavy rain can exploit any weakness in the roof, leading to further damage.
  • Age of Roof: Over time, roofing materials deteriorate. Older shingles lose their flexibility and the granules that protect them from UV rays, making them more susceptible to cracking and breaking.
  • Improper Installation: If shingles are not properly nailed or if the adhesive strip is not activated, they may not fully adhere to the roof deck. Improper overlap and spacing can also lead to vulnerabilities that wind and weather can exploit.
  • Physical Damage: External forces such as falling tree limbs, animals moving across the roof, or mechanical damage from walking on the roof can dislodge or damage shingles.
  • Thermal Splitting: Temperature fluctuations can cause materials to expand and contract. Over time, this can lead to thermal splitting, where shingles crack or split, potentially leading to their loss.

Signs of Missing Shingles

missing shingle

Recognizing the early signs of missing shingles can be crucial in preventing more extensive, costly damage. Key indicators include:

  • Visual Gaps: Regular inspections can reveal missing shingles, typically visible as gaps in the roof’s uniform pattern.
  • Shingle Debris: After storms, finding pieces of shingles in the yard or near downspouts can indicate damage.
  • Interior Leaks: Water stains on ceilings or walls might suggest a breach in the roof.
  • Clogged Gutters: Accumulation of shingle granules in gutters can indicate that shingles are breaking down and may become more susceptible to being dislodged.

How to Repair Missing Shingles on Your Roof: 5 Simple Steps

Repairing missing shingles promptly is crucial to prevent water from seeping into the structure of your home. Here’s a step-by-step guide for a typical shingle replacement:

1) Assess the Damage:

Before attempting any repair, evaluate the extent of damage to determine if a simple fix will suffice or if more extensive repairs are needed.

2) Gather Materials:

You will need replacement shingles, roofing nails, a hammer, a pry bar, and roofing adhesive.

3) Remove Damaged Shingles:

Use the pry bar to carefully lift the edges of the surrounding shingles and remove the nails. Slide out the damaged shingle.

4) Install New Shingle:

Slide the new shingle into place, ensuring it fits securely with the surrounding shingles.

5) Secure the Shingle:

Nail the new shingle into place at the designated spots and seal the edges with roofing adhesive to ensure it bonds properly with the roof.

Benefits of Working with a Roofing Contractor

replacing shingles

While DIY repairs can be economical, hiring a professional roofing contractor offers numerous benefits:

Quality of Work:

Contractors bring expertise and access to high-quality materials, ensuring repairs last longer.

Diagnostic Skills:

Professionals can assess the roof’s overall health and identify underlying problems that might not be obvious to the untrained eye.


Roofing is risky, and professionals are equipped with the safety gear and insurance to handle accidents.


Experienced roofers can complete repairs quickly, minimizing the time your home is vulnerable.

Cost to Repair Missing Shingles

The cost of roof repairs can vary significantly based on factors such as the extent of damage, roofing material, and regional labor costs. Minor repairs typically range from $150 to $400, while more extensive damage might cost $1,000 or more. Full roof replacements can run from $5,000 to over $10,000, depending on the size and type of roof.

How to Prevent Missing Shingles

Preventative maintenance is key to prolonging the life of your roof. Consider the following tips:

  • Regular Inspections: Professional inspections can catch potential problems before they escalate.
  • Immediate Repairs: Addressing damage immediately can prevent more significant issues later.
  • Proper Ventilation: Ensuring your attic is properly ventilated helps regulate temperature and moisture that can affect shingle integrity.
  • Routine Maintenance: Clearing debris from the roof and gutters can prevent damage and water buildup.

Got Just One Missing Shingle? We’ve Got You Covered

Dealing with missing shingles promptly and effectively can save homeowners time and money while protecting their homes from potential damage. Whether you choose to make repairs yourself or hire a professional, understanding the root causes, spotting the early signs, and engaging in regular maintenance can help keep your roof in optimal condition for years to come.

From a few missing shingles to a full roof replacement, Springfield Roofing is always here to help you care for your roof shingles. Contact us today to get support for all types of asphalt shingle roofs!

Share to...